Addiction Therapy Market Analysis and Reports | USA Conference Series

Market Analysis - Addiction Therapy 2018

Summary: Addiction Therapy 2018 welcomes attendees, presenters, and exhibitors from all over the world to San Diego, USA. We are delighted to invite you all to attend and register for the 7th International Conference on Addiction Research and therapy which is going to be held during September 19-20, 2018. The organizing committee is gearing up for an exciting and informative conference program including Keynote presentation, plenary lectures, symposia, workshops and poster presentations on various topics related to addiction disorder and addiction therapy around the participants from all over the world.

Target Audience:

Researchers, Policy Makers, Mental Health Professionals, Human and Social Services Workers, Juvenile Justice/Criminal Justice Workers, Child Welfare Workers, Educators, Health Advocates, Community Advocates, Executive Directors, Middle Management, Clinical Staff (Counselors, Social Workers), Prevention Specialists, Substance Abuse Specialists and Primary Health Care/Medical Professionals are encouraged to attend.

Market Analysis:

On behalf of Addiction Therapy 2018 Organizing Committee, we cordially invite professors, scientific communities, therapists, counsellors, students and business delegates to attend the "7th International Conference and Exhibition on Addiction Research and Therapy" which is to be held on September 19-20, 2018 in San Diego, USA. The main theme of the conference is “Expanding access to Novel Methodologies & Innovation in recovery Therapy in addiction and Behavioral Health-Care".

Addictive behaviors are among the greatest scourges on humankind. It is important to estimate the extent of the problem globally and in different geographical regions. Such estimates are available, but there is a need to collate and evaluate these to arrive at the best available synthetic figures. Addiction has commissioned this paper as the first of a series attempting to do this.

Online sources of global, regional and national information on prevalence and major harms relating to alcohol use, tobacco use, unsanctioned psychoactive drug use and gambling were identified through expert review and assessed. The primary data sources located were the websites of the World Health Organization (WHO), the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Alberta Gambling Research Institute. Summary statistics were compared with recent publications on the global epidemiology of addictive behaviors.

An estimated 4.9% of the world's adult population (240 million people) suffer from alcohol use disorder (7.8% of men and 1.5% of women), with alcohol causing an estimated 257 disability-adjusted life years lost per 100 000 population. An estimated 22.5% of adults in the world (1 billion people) smoke tobacco products (32.0% of men and 7.0% of women). It is estimated that 11% of deaths in males and 6% of deaths in females each year are due to tobacco. Of ‘unsanctioned psychoactive drugs’, cannabis is the most prevalent at 3.5% globally, with each of the others at < 1%; 0.3% of the world's adult population (15 million people) inject drugs. Use of unsanctioned psychoactive drugs accounts for an estimated 83 disability-adjusted life years lost per 100 000 population. Global estimates of problem gambling are not possible, but in countries where it has been assessed the prevalence is estimated at 1.5%.

Tobacco and alcohol use are by far the most prevalent addictive behaviors and cause the large majority of the harm. However, the quality of data on prevalence and addiction-related harms is mostly low, and comparisons between countries and regions must be viewed with caution. There is an urgent need to review the quality of data on which global estimates are made and coordinate efforts to arrive at a more consistent approach.

Statistics on Addiction

  • According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health(NSDUH), 21.5 million American adults (aged 12 and older) battled a substance use disorder in 2014.

  • Almost 80 percent of individuals suffering from a substance use disorder in 2014 struggled with an alcohol use disorder, NSDUH

  • Over 7 million Americans in 2014 battled a drug use disorder, per NSDUH.

  • One out of every eight people who suffered from a drug use disorder in 2014, according to NSUDH, struggled with both alcohol and drug use disorders simultaneously.

  • The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) publishes that in 2014, almost 8 million American adults battled both a mental health disorder and a substance use disorder, or co-occurring disorders.

  • Drug abuse and addiction cost American society close to $200 billion in healthcare, criminal justice, legal, and lost workplace production/participation costs in 2007, the Office on National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) reports.

  • The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates the global burden of disease related to drug and alcohol issues to be 5.4 percent worldwide.

Causes of Addiction

  • Addiction is considered to be, on average, heritable about 50 percent of the time, the journal Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics

  • Genetics and environmental factors are thought to play equal roles in the onset of addiction, the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence (NCADD) states.

  • Abusing drugs or alcohol before the brain is fully developed, any time before a person’s mid-20s, may increase the risk for addiction later in life due to the changes these substances make to growing brains, the journal Clinical EEG and Neuroscience

Statistics on Specific Population Demographics and Addiction

Adolescents (aged 12-17):

  • NSDUH reports that in 2014, approximately 5 percent of the American adolescent population suffered from a substance use disorder; this equates to 1.3 million teens, or 1 in every 12.

  • Almost 700,000 American youths between ages 12 and 17 battled an alcohol use disorder in 2013, according to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA).

  • An estimated 867,000 adolescents suffered from an illicit drug use disorder in 2014, which was a decline from previous years, per NSDUH.

  • Individuals who tried marijuana or alcohol before the age of 15 were almost four times as likely to suffer from a marijuana use disorder as an adult than those who waited until after age 18 to try these substances, according to data published in the 2013 NSDUH.

Young adults aged 18-25:

  • About one out of every six American young adults (between the ages of 18 and 25) battled a substance use disorder in 2014, NSDUH This represents the highest percentage out of any age group at 16.3 percent.

  • Heroin addiction among young adults between 18 and 25 years old has doubled in the past 10 years, AARP

  • In college students studied in 2010, the Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS) found that alcohol was the number one substance this group received specialized treatment for, at 72 percent of those admitted to public substance abuse programs did so for an alcohol use disorder (marijuana was second at 55.7 percent and prescription drugs were third at 31.6 percent).

Over age 25:

  • Approximately 14.5 million adults aged 26 or older struggled with a substance use disorder in 2014, NSUDH

  • College graduates aged 26 or older battled drug addiction at lower rates than those who did not graduate from high school or those who didn’t finish college, the 2013 NSDUH

 

Elderly individuals:

  • An estimated 15 percent of elderly individuals may suffer from problems with substance abuse and addiction, Today’s Geriatric Medicine

  • Over 3 percent of the older adult population may struggle with an alcohol use disorder.

·         This generation takes more prescription drugs than younger ones, has lower metabolisms, potentially suffers from social isolation and ageism, may struggle with many medical issues, and therefore may be at a high risk for prescription drug abuse and dependence, according to Psychiatric Times.

  • Two-thirds of the population over the age of 65, who struggle with alcohol addiction, battled an alcohol use disorder at a younger age and carried it with them as they aged.

  • Between 21 and 66 percent of elderly individuals battling a substance use disorder also suffer from a co-occurring mental health disorder.

Men vs. women:

  • In 2013, adult men in the United States struggled with an alcohol use disorder at rates double those of women, 10.8 million as compared to 5.8 million, NIAAA

  • For boys and girls between the ages of 12 and 17, both genders battle substance use disorders at similar rates, making it the only age bracket that men did not significantly outweigh women, the 2013 NSDUH

  • Close to 70 percent of treatment admissions for substance abuse in 2010 were male, TEDS

  • Men may be more likely to abuse illicit drugs than women, but women may be just as prone to addiction as men when they do abuse them, NIDA

Ethnicity/race:

  • The 2013 NSDUH reports that American Indians and Alaska natives had the highest rate of substance abuse and dependence at 14.3 percent.

  • Approximately 11.3 percent of Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders suffered from substance abuse and dependence in 2013, NSDUH

  • According to NSDUH, Hispanics and whites suffered from substance abuse and dependence at similar rates in 2013, around 8.5 percent, while about 7.4 percent of African Americans struggled with it.

  • Asians suffered from substance abuse and dependency the least at rates around 4.5 percent, per the 2013 NSDUH.

  • A study of undergraduate college students published in the Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse found that whites and Hispanics were more likely to have issues surrounding drug abuse than their Asian and African American counterparts.

Criminal justice/employment status:

  • Almost twice as many people who are unemployed struggle with addiction than those who are fulltime workers, CNN Money reports; around 17 percent of the unemployed and 9 percent of the employed population struggled with a substance use disorder in 2012.

  • About half of the population of American prisons and jails suffer from addiction, according to NCAAD.

  • Around three-quarters of individuals in a state prison or local jail who suffer from a mental illness also struggle with substance abuse, and the opposite is also true, the National Institute of Health (NIH) publishes.

Statistics on Addiction to Specific Substances

Cocaine:

  • Over 900,000 American adults (over age 11) struggled with a cocaine use disorder in 2014, per NSDUH.

  • In 2010, TEDS reported that 8 percent of all treatment admissions were for cocaine abuse or dependency issues.

Heroin:

  • The American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM) reports that in 2015, approximately 586,000 Americans aged 12 and older struggled with a substance use disorder involving heroin.

  • Almost a quarter of people who abuse heroin will become addicted to it, ASAM

  • Heroin abuse and addiction have risen in all population and demographic groups in the United States over the past few years, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) states.

  • Individuals addicted to alcohol are two times more likely to also be addicted to heroin, while those addicted to marijuana are three times more likely, individuals addicted to cocaine are 15 times more likely, and people addicted to prescription drugs are 40 times more likely to also be addicted to heroin, per the CDC.

  • The highest at-risk population for heroin addiction, as reported by S. News, is non-Hispanic white males between the ages of 18 and 25 who live in large cities.

  • Almost three-fourths of individuals admitted to treatment for a heroin abuse or dependency concern, according to the 2010 TEDS, cited injection as the primary method of abuse.

Prescription drugs:

  • Prescription drugs are abused at high rates. NSUDH reports that the most common types of psychotherapeutic drugs abused in 2013 were pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, and sedatives in that order. Pain relievers are the most common cause of a substance use disorder among prescription drugs.

  • ASAM publishes that over 2 million Americans over the age of 11 struggled with an opioid pain reliever abuse disorder in 2014.

  • ASAM also reports that women may more rapidly develop a prescription painkiller addiction than men.

  • On average, according to studies published in the journal Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy, individuals who were admitted to opioid treatment programs who abused only prescription opioids, or those who abused both heroin and prescription opioids, were about five years younger than individuals admitted solely for heroin abuse or dependency.

Marijuana:

  • Almost 6 percent of fulltime college students in the United States smoked marijuana daily in 2014, NIDA publish; this is more than triple the number of daily smokers 20 years prior.

  • Approximately 4.2 million American adults (over the age of 11) battled a marijuana use disorder in 2014, NSDUH

  • The majority of people struggling with marijuana addiction in 2014 were between the ages of 12 and 25, according to NSDUH.

  • Marijuana use disorders accounted for the third highest number of treatment admissions (at 18 percent) to substance abuse programs in 2010, TEDS reported

Alcohol:

  • According to NCADD, alcohol is the most abused addictive substance in America.

  • In 2013, an estimated 16.6 million American adults (18 and older) battled an alcohol use disorder, NIAAA

  • In 2010, TEDS published that 41 percent of all substance abuse treatment admissions were for alcohol.

  • The Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (CBHSQ) reported that in 2010, among American military veterans between the ages of 21 and 39 who admitted to substance abuse treatment programs, more than half cited alcohol as the primary substance of concern.

  • Over half of all American adults have a personal family history of problem drinking or alcohol addiction, NCADD

 

Stats on Addiction Treatment

  • In 2013, only 10.9 percent of the individuals who needed treatment in a specialized facility for a substance use or dependency concern actually received it, NSDUH

  • About 1.3 million adults and 73,000 adolescents received treatment in 2013 at a specialized facility for an alcohol use disorder, NIAAA

  • Around a third of all college students admitted to publicly funded substance abuse treatment programs in 2010 battled a co-occurring mental health disorder, according to TEDS.

  • Over 115,000 Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) groups exist in more than 175 countries around the world, serving more than 2 million members.

  • Opiates accounted for almost a quarter of all substance abuse treatment admissions in 2010, per TEDS.

  • Most of the people who need treatment for addiction, but don’t get it, don’t feel they need it. NSDUH reports that in 2013, more than 95 percent of those who needed specialty substance abuse treatment, and didn’t receive it, didn’t think they needed it.

  • There are many types of treatment options. NIDA reports that there are over 14,500 specialized substance abuse treatment programs providing a variety of care options, from therapeutic methods to pharmaceutical tools to complementary forms of medicine.

  • Relapse is common in addiction treatment, with relapse rates being between 40 and 60 percent, NIDA This rate is very similar to rates of relapse with other chronic diseases like hypertension, asthma, or type I diabetes.

  • Addiction is considered a highly treatable disease, and recovery is attainable. About 10 percent of Americans (adults who were at least 18 years old) claim to be in recovery from an alcohol or drug abuse issue, the New York State Office on Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Services (OASAS) publishes.

 

Why San Diego:

San Diego County ranks as the eighth largest city in the United States of America located in southwestern California, adjacent to the coast of Pacific Ocean. San Diego shares about 80 miles of border with Mexico. The San Ysidro port of entry, close to Tijuana City, is known to be the busiest border crossing in the world, accommodating approximately 40 million legal crossings annually. Both these cities are geographically located on major drug trafficking routes that bring illegal drugs from South America into the United States.  In particular, San Diego is a major transshipment point for both methamphetamines and marijuana. Each year the various bodies monitoring, eradicating and cracking down on the abuse of drugs formulate their respective data which gives insight into the trends of synthesized drugs being produced, trafficked and sold. 

Heroin- San Diego’s Major Cause of Concern:In 2013, a study done by the San Diego Association of Governments (SANDAG) Substance Abuse monitoring program showed that prevalent abuse of certain prescription drugs were catalyzing the rise in heroin use in San Diego County.  The drug use trends, when studied in the jail population, are a good indicator of what the crisis might be among the general population. 

A Replacement for Opiates

Researchers found out that heroin is used as a replacement for prescription opiates due the fact that it is cheaper and easier to obtain.  Studies showed that the 27% of heroin users experimented with prescription drugs before trying heroin and that 63% used heroin as a substitute because it was easily available and was relatively more affordable. The 10-year period between 2002 to 2012 saw a significant rise of adult men as well women booked into jail because they tested positive for opiates.

Increased Heroin Usage

This category of opiates includes heroin, morphine, hydrocodone, hydromorphone and codeine. The study done by the San Diego County Association of Governments Criminal Justice Research Division showed the rate increased from 5% to 10% in case of men and from 6% to 12% among women. According to the San Diego County Prescription Drug Abuse Task Force, from 2007 to 2012, there was an increase in the number of seizures of heroin that went up from 111 to 470.

Prescription Opioids/Opiates Other Than Heroin:

Treatment admissions for prescription opioids/opiates other than heroin (narcotic analgesics) remained low in the first half of 2013, representing 4.5 percent of all admissions. This compares with 4.0 percent of total treatment admissions in the first half of 2011 and 4.8 percent in the first half of 2012. Among adult arrestees in the San Diego Substance Abuse Monitoring program, the proportion reporting any illegal use of prescription drugs (including prescription opioids) decreased, from 42 percent in CY 2011 to 39 percent in CY 2012. Among juvenile arrestees, the proportion reporting any illegal use of prescription drugs increased from 37 percent in CY 2011 to 44 percent in CY 2012.

MDMA:

As in previous years, MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine or ecstasy) indicators were relatively low. MDMA accounted for less than 1.0 percent of all San Diego treatment admissions in the first half of 2013. Prevalence of self-reported lifetime use of MDMA increased by 1 percentage point among adult arrestees, from 27 percent in CY 2011 to 28 percent in CY 2012. Self-reported lifetime use decreased among juvenile arrestees, from 47 percent in CY 2011 to 34 percent in CY 2012. MDMA reports ranked 18th among total drug reports from items analyzed by NFLIS laboratories in the first half of 2013, representing less than 1.0 percent of reports, down from 10th place in the first half of 2012.

Data Sources: Arrestee data were from the San Diego Association of Governments' Substance Abuse Monitoring program, a regional continuation of the Federal Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring program that was discontinued in 2003. This report presents data for calendar year 2012, for both adult (n=854) and juvenile (n=120) arrestees, compared with 2011 data. Forensic laboratory data were from NFLIS, Drug Enforcement Administration. There were 6,103 primary, secondary, and tertiary drug reports provided by Federal, State, and local forensic laboratories between January and June 2013. Treatment data came from the San Diego County Department of Alcohol and Drug Programs (ADP). Tables were made using the California Outcomes Measurement System (CalOMS). CalOMS is a statewide client-based data collec­tion and outcomes measurement system for alcohol and other drug (AOD) prevention and treatment services. Submission of admission/discharge information for all clients is required of all counties and their subcontracted AOD providers, all direct contract providers receiving public AOD funding, and all private-pay licensed narcotic treatment providers. Data for this report include admissions in San Diego County for the period January–June 2013. Note that CalOMS was implemented in early 2006, replacing the earlier California Alcohol and Drug Data System (CADDS) system. Therefore, data reported for periods prior to July 2006 may not be comparable to more recent periods. Mortality data were obtained from the Emergency Medical Services Medical Examiner Database, which is maintained by the County of San Diego Health and Human Services Agency. This report contains preliminary data on drug overdoses from January to June 2013. Street drug price data for July 2013 came from the San Diego Law Enforcement Coordination Center Street Drug Price List.

Abuse on the Rise

The percentage of treatment admissions that indicated heroin to be the primary drug used also increased from 17 % to 23% and the number of deaths due to heroin overdose rose to 74 from 57. 2015 saw 104 deaths from heroin overdose in the county. This figure was up by more than 22% from the year before. In 2016, the price of heroin per gram has fallen from $50-$100 down to $50-$70. This paints a bleak picture in terms of how many people are going to continue using the drug and on top of that, more will be attracted to it due to its low sale price.

Methamphetamines – A Cause for Concern

Reports from the National Forensic Laboratory Information System (NFLIS) in 2013 showed that methamphetamines continued to rank first among drug reports from items seized and analyzed in San Diego. Also due to prevailing use of methamphetamines, the year saw an overall decrease in the price per gram of methamphetamine. In 2013, a gram cost about $60-$80 whereas an ounce was sold approximately between $400 and $1200. A year before in 2012, it cost $80-$100 for a gram and between $900 and $1200 per ounce.

Increased Drug Overdose Cases

A total of 169 cases of overdose causing deaths were reported to have involved methamphetamine in 2013 - that is 5.4 per 100,000 people. The death toll seemed to have risen through 2008, when 83 overdose deaths were recorded, which is 2.7 per 100,000 people. Through the years ranging from 2005 to 2015, the amounts of cocaine seized along the borders of San Diego showed increase while the amount of marijuana seized over time declined. Methamphetamine seizures continued to increase during this period. The city of El Cajon situated in the heart of the Valley Mountains of San Diego has been named the world’s crystal meth capital for its many locations of shady clandestine labs.

The Human Truth

When evaluating and reporting this data, it is very easy to forgo and forget that each entry represents a real human life. Why an individual falls prey to drug addiction or abuse is a very deep and personal story of each of these human tragedies. Analyzing this data will help people understand an issue that is very rapidly becoming a major concern for state as well as national politics. Illicit drug abuse costs the United States $193 billion annually due to lost productivity, healthcare expenses, and associated crime, according to a study by the National Drug Intelligence Center.

 

Why to attend?

The Conference will encourage new discoveries and research by providing a platform for reporting of unique and unusual cases which enhance understanding of disease process, its diagnosis, management and clinico-pathologic correlations. It will provide a podium for wide-ranging aspects of psychological, neurological, molecular, genetic and behavioural pathways underlying addiction, and will focus on novel therapies providing quality care for people with unhealthy alcohol, tobacco, or other drug use and addictive behaviour’s across a spectrum of clinical settings. It will comprise of opening Keynote lectures by the renowned researcher and noble members working in the field of addiction research and treatment followed by the special workshop and symposium sessions by eminent scholars and therapeutic members for all the three days of the conference.

The previous conferences on Addiction Research & Therapy (Addiction Therapy 2012Addiction Therapy 2013 and Addiction Therapy 2014,Addiction Therapy 2015 Addiction Therapy 2016) which were held at Las Vegas, Chicago, Georgia, Florida, USA have explained new strategies and advanced therapeutic aspects in addiction treatment that have gained much interest from eminent scientists all over the world.

Target Audience:

Researchers, Policy Makers, Mental Health Professionals, Human and Social Services Workers, Juvenile Justice/Criminal Justice Workers, Child Welfare Workers, Educators, Health Advocates, Community Advocates, Executive Directors, Middle Management, Clinical Staff (Counselors, Social Workers), Prevention Specialists, Substance Abuse Specialists and Primary Health Care/Medical Professionals are encouraged to attend.