Agri World Market Analysis and Reports | France Conference Series

Market Analysis - Agri World 2018

Market Analysis Report
 

Introduction: Agriculture is the branch which includes cultivation and breeding of plants, vegetables, animal and fungi for various resources like food, fiber, biofuel and other products used to sustain and enhance human life. Horticulture is that branch of agriculture that deals with the various methods and technologies of growing plants. It includes the cultivation of plants, fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, herbs, sprouts, mushrooms, algae, flowers, seaweeds and non-food crops such as grass and ornamental trees and plants. It also includes plant and medicinal conservation, ornamental plant culture and preservation, garden designing, , landscape construction and restoration, and maintenance. Inside agriculture, horticulture contrasts with extensive field farming as well as animal husbandry.

Importance of Agriculture Conference (Globally, Continent Wise (Europe, America, Asia pacific, and Middle East):

For decades, agriculture has been associated with production of essential food crops.

· At present, agriculture above and beyond farming includes forestry, dairy, fruit cultivation, poultry, bee keeping, mushroom, arbitrary, etc. Today, processing, marketing and distribution of crops and livestock products etc. are all acknowledged as part of current agriculture.

· Thus, agriculture could be referred to as the production, processing, promotion and distribution agricultural products. Agriculture plays a critical role in the entire life of a given economy. Agriculture is the backbone of economic system of a given country. In addition to providing food and raw material, agriculture also provides employment opportunities to very large percentage of population.

Importance in Europe:

· Farming has a big influence on Europe's landscapes and the quality of its environment.

· With farmers managing almost half of the EU's land area, the agricultural sector is a major source of pressure on Europe's environment.

· Ensuring diversity of farming and food products within the European Union is considered equally important by an absolute majority.

· An absolute majority of Europeans consider that, in the European Union, agriculture and rural areas are an important matter for their future: more than nine out of ten Europeans believe this, while more than half of Europeans consider the subject is “very important”.

Importance in America:

From the nation's earliest days, farming has held a crucial place in the American economy and culture. The American Midwest has some of the richest soil in the world. Rainfall is modest to abundant over most areas of the country; rivers and underground water permit extensive irrigation where it is not.

· The first two decades of the 20th century turned out to be the golden age of American agriculture. Farm prices were high as demand for goods increased and land values rose.

· Today we see a highly diverse set of farms, responding with alacrity to apply unique technological possibilities to a new array of increasingly well-articulated consumer demands in a globalized food system

·         USDA counts another 2 million farmers who meet the criterion of selling at least $1,000 worth of product annually, many of whom have other occupations but enjoy rural lifestyles.

· American agriculture increasingly has become an "agribusiness." Agribusiness includes a variety of farm businesses and structures, from small, one-family corporations to huge conglomerates or multinational firms that own large tracts of land or that produce goods and materials used by farmers.

Importance in Asia Pacific region:

Although the agricultural sector (including forestry and fisheries unless otherwise specified)        continues to grow, it is declining in relative importance in Asia, both in terms of its contribution to GDP and its share of the labour force. Asian agriculture is becoming increasingly commercialized and diversified in contrast to the former pre-occupation with cereal crop production, especially rice.

· It is now widely acknowledged by most stakeholders that the role of agriculture and the rural economy is fundamental for securing sustainable gains in the fight against poverty. There is much greater appreciation now for the fact that agriculture has strong links with other sectors.

· There has been an increase in official development assistance to agriculture and rural development in recent years. The potential of agriculture as a source of bio-energy has added attractiveness to the sector given its perceived ability to address global food and energy needs simultaneously.

·  The Asia region is a decisive component in the global food chain, accounting for 19% of total global food and agriculture exports and 31% of total food and agriculture imports.

· Asia agribusiness and food & agriculture companies are likely to grow in size and scope to meet the increasing demand, national policies, rising organisational capabilities, and integration and consolidation throughout the value and supply chains

Importance in Middle east region:

Agriculture plays an important role in the economies of most of the countries in the Middle East and North Africa region.  Despite the fact that MENA is the most water-scarce and dry region in the world, many countries in the region, especially those around the Mediterranean Sea, are highly dependent on agriculture. 

· The contribution of the agricultural sector to the overall economy varies significantly among countries in the region, ranging, for example, from about 3.2 percent in Saudi Arabia to 13.4 percent in Egypt.

· Large scale irrigation coupled with mechanization has enabled entensive production of high-value cash crops, including fruits, vegetables, cereals, and sugar in the Middle East.

· Crop residues encompasses all agricultural wastes such as bagasse, straw, stem, stalk, leaves, husk, shell, peel, pulp, stubble, etc. Wheat and barley are the major staple crops grown in the Middle East region.

· In addition, significant quantities of rice, maize, lentils, chickpeas, vegetables and fruits are produced throughout the region, mainly in Egypt, Tunisia, Saudi Arabia, Morocco and Jordan.

Impact/Importance of Agriculture Research (Globally, Continent Wise (Europe, America, Asia pacific, Middle East))

The importance of agriculture education in the agri industry is one of the largest and most important industry in the world.

·  It is needed to make people educated about agriculture so they can keep the industry running, without it, people will starve.

· Agricultural education and research is playing a vital role at present this is so because food is a primary necessity of man and agricultural products provide the needed fiber and raw materials for man’s manufacturing and processing industries.

Importance of Agriculture Research Europe:

Agricultural research and education in Europe has played a major role in the advancement of agriculture and land use during the last century.

· The scientific basis of agriculture has been strengthened and the use of insight, knowledge and expertise in farmers’ fields is widely adopted.

·  As a result of this development, productivity per hectare, efficiency and efficacy of use of external inputs has increased considerably.

· Research and education have to be developed in that direction to make agricultural science and technology more responsive to changing societal demands.

· Through agricultural research the disciplinary scientific quality and depth should develop in tandem with integrating problem-oriented multidisciplinary research activities.

Importance of Agriculture Research America:

Investments in agricultural research have led to extraordinary gains in productivity over the past century. While the United States has been, and should remain, the leader in cutting-edge agricultural research,

· The agricultural research has allowed American agriculture to flourish over the last century, supplying our nation with a stable, abundant and affordable food supply while contributing to America’s competitiveness in the global marketplace·  The important role of agricultural research is in ensuring American agriculture remains competitive and capable of addressing growing needs around the world.

· The agriculture research and education also plays a significant role that the public-sector research plays in continuing the stream of technological innovations that drive the food and agricultural system.

Importance of Agriculture Research Asia Pacific:

Asia has made significant progress in increasing its agricultural productivity and reducing poverty since last few years.

· The importance of agriculture to the macro economy, the labour force and the poor suggests that investment in agriculture should continue. Indeed, studies in India and China have shown that, dollar for dollar, agricultural research has historically been one of the most effective means for government spending to reduce poverty.

· Agricultural Research has been identified as an important priority area in the Asia-Pacific region for sharing knowledge and information in order to strengthen research, extension and marketing systems.

· The agriculture research initiative provides useful lessons with regard to agricultural content development, end-user needs, policy support, information and knowledge management, application of technologies, the role of institutions and their partnerships besides response to agricultural problems and socio-economic impact.

Importance of Agriculture Research Middle East:

The Middle East region accounts for a significant and growing portion of worldwide food and feed imports.

· The contribution of the agricultural sector to the overall economy varies significantly among countries in the region, ranging, for example, from about 3.2 percent in Saudi Arabia to 13.4 percent in Egypt.

·  The quality of education is a crucial issue in economic development. In order to evaluate the quality of education, it is important to understand and evaluate its impacts. Such a process can be through comparative studies.

· The impact of agricultural research will be basic aspects of the problems involved, and present possible solutions and recommendations for meeting the challenges of the future through enlightened educational programs directed to the needs of the people in the regions involved.

Global Agriculture Business Value (Globally, Continent Wise (Europe, America, Asia pacific, Middle East)):

Since agriculture employs many people it contributes to economic development.

·  As a result, the national income level as well as people’s standard of living is improved. The fast rate of development in agriculture sector offers progressive outlook as well as increased motivation for development.

·  Hence, it aids to create good atmosphere for overall economic development of a country. Therefore, economic development relies on the agricultural growth rate.

Agriculture Business Value in Europe:

Farming has a big influence on Europe's landscapes and the quality of its environment. With farmers managing almost half of the EU's land area, the agricultural sector is a major source of pressure on Europe's environment.

· Over the past five decades, the EU Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) - accounting for around half of the EU budget — has encouraged the sector to become rapidly modernised and agricultural production itself to increase intensification.

· Farmers represent only 4.7% of the European Union's (EU's) working population, yet manage nearly half of the EU's land area. Farming has a big influence on Europe's landscapes and the quality of its environment.

· Nethertheless, it is strongly recognized that agricultural sector specific characteristics provide huge potential for the provision of public goods, specifically in a field of the environment.

Agriculture Business Value in America:

Agriculture, food, and related industries contributed $992 billion to U.S. gross domestic product (GDP) in 2015, a 5.5-percent share.

·  The United States is the world's largest national economy in nominal terms and second largest according to purchasing power parity (PPP), representing 22% of nominal global GDP and 17% of gross world product (GWP).

·  The output of America’s farms contributed $136.7 billion of this sum—about 1 percent of GDP. The overall contribution of the agriculture sector to GDP is larger than this because sectors related to agriculture—forestry, fishing, and related activities; food, beverages, and tobacco products; textiles, apparel, and leather products; food and beverage stores; and food service, eating and drinking places—rely on agricultural inputs in order to contribute added value to the economy.

·  The US has abundant natural resources, a well-developed infrastructure, and high productivity.[37] It has the world's ninth-highest per capita GDP (nominal) and tenth-highest per capita GDP (PPP) as of 2013

Universities offering Agriculture Education (Globally, Continent Wise (Europe, America, Asia pacific, Middle East))

Mentioned below are some of the renowned Universities in Europe

·   AgroParisTech, France

·   Agrocampus Ouest, France

·  University of Goettingen, Germany

·  Leibniz University, Germany

· Agricultural University of Athens, Greece

· Wageningen University and Research Centre, Netherlands

· Utrecht University, Netherlands

· University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland

· Moscow Agricultural Academy, Russian Federation

·  Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden

Mentioned below are some of the renowned Universities in America:

·  Centre for Agriculture Excellence, University of the Fraser Valley, Canada

·  University of British Columbia, Vancouver

·   Penn State University College of Agricultural Sciences, USA

·   University of Guelph in Guelph, Ontario

·   Lowa State University, USA

·   Michigan State University, USA

·   Ontario Agricultural College, Ontario

·  New Mexico State University, USA

·  Texas A&M University, USA

·  North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University, USA

·  The Ohio State University, USA

 Mentioned below are some of the renowned Universities in Asia Pacific region:

·  University of Queensland, Australia

·  The Australian National University, Australia

·  Nanjing Agricultural University, China

·  Indian Agricultural Research Institute, India

·  Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Malaysia

·  Huazhong Agricultural University, China

·  Institute of Technology Bandung, Indonesia

·  Gyeongsang National University, South Korea

·  Nanjing Agricultural University, China

·  Hanoi University of Agriculture, Vietnam

·  University of Agricultural Sciences, India

·  Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Japan

Mentioned below is some of the renowned Universities in Middle East region:

·  Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel

·  Ege University, Turkey

·  University of Jiroft, Iran

·  Agricultural and Food Sciences-King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia

·  Zagazig University, Egypt

·   Lebanese University, Lebanon

·  The University of Jordan, Jordan

·  Tarlac Agricultural University, Philippines

·  Süleyman Demirel University, Turkey

·  United Arab Emirates University, College of Food and Agriculture, UAE

Agriculture Research Institution (Globally, Continent Wise (Europe, America, Asia pacific, Middle East)): 

Europe:

· Institute for Food and Agricultural Research and Technology (IRTA), Spain

·  National Agricultural Research and Innovation Center (NARIC), Hungary

·  Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

·  The European Forum on Agricultural Research for Development (EFARD)

·  AGRINATURA

·  French National Institute for Agricultural Research

·  Henry A. Wallace Beltsville Agricultural Research Center

·  Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute

·  Louisiana State University Agricultural Center

·  Tropical Agronomic Center for Research and Teaching

·   International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas

·   Philippine Rice Research Institute

·   National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research

·  UBC Faculty of Land and Food Systems

Funding in Agriculture Research & Top Funding Bodies

Agricultural research priorities have changed over the years in response to drivers such as political priorities, scientific progress, markets, producer needs and societal expectations. Agriculture and public research has received declining amounts of funding over the last decade with threats to key research facilities. A new model for innovation grounded in partnership between stakeholders, including producers and the federal government, will provide the sector with a continuous pipeline of new discoveries and applications to improve the productivity and sustainability of agriculture. Both the public and private sectors must also focus efforts on knowledge dissemination, knowledge translation and agricultural extension. Support for agriculture extension services is one way to promote the application of scientific research and new knowledge to agricultural practices through outreach and education.
Some organisation offering grants to the agriculture research and development are:

·         The National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA), USA

·         The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, USA

·         The Rockefeller Foundation’s Food Waste and Spoilage Initiative, USA

·         The USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS), USA

·         Agri-Innovation Program by Agri Food Canada, Canada

·         Agriculture Funding Consortium, Canada

Future Prospect of Agriculture (Next five years prediction with graph):

Food consumption, in terms of kcal/person/day, is the key variable used for measuring and evaluating the evolution of the world food situation14. The world has made significant progress in raising food consumption per person. In the last three and a half decades it increased from an average of 2370 kcal/person/day to 2770 kcal/person/day. This growth was accompanied by significant structural change. Despite the drastic fall in the growth rate, the absolute annual increments continue to be large. Seventy nine million persons are being added to world population every year in the decade ending in 2010 and the number will remain at over 50 million p.a. until the mid-2030s. More rapid declines after 2035 should bring the annual increment down to 27 million by 2050.  

Description: D:Agri World 2018ImagesMarket_2.JPG
The value of total agricultural output (all food and non-food crop and livestock commodities) has almost trebled since 1961 (Figure 1), an average increase of 2.3 % per year, always keeping ahead of global population growth rates (1.7 % p.a.). Much of this growth originated in developing countries (3.4 – 3.8 percent p.a.). The high growth rates of the latter reflected, among other things, developments in some large countries, most importantly China. Without China, the rest of the developing countries grew at 2.8-3.0 percent p.a. These figures also reflect the rising share of high value commodities such as livestock products in the total value of production; in terms of quantities (whether measured in tons or calorie content), the growth rates have been lower (FAO, 2006 a).

Description: D:Agri World 2018Imagesmarket_1.JPG

Conclusion:

Total agricultural output expanded by almost 170 percent globally since 1961, an average increase of 2.2% per year, always keeping ahead of global population growth rates. Much of this growth originated in developing countries (3.4 – 3.8 percent p.a.). But many of the least developed countries, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, continue to experience low agricultural productivity, rising food deficits and high levels of hunger and poverty. The recent success in accelerating growth in some SubSaharan African countries gives hope for the future. The growth in these poor countries must be sustained, and extended to the neighbouring countries that have not yet participated in this growth. The world made significant progress in raising food consumption per capita. In developing countries consumption increased from an average of 2100 kcal/person/day in 1970 to almost 2700 kcal/person/day today. The proportion of hungry people was reduced from 37% to 17% over the same period. But there are still more than 850 million undernourished people worldwide.
Description: D:Agri World 2018Imagesmarket_3.JPG

World agriculture faces many future challenges. One major challenge is to accelerate production growth in poor agriculture based countries, Additional challenges will include satisfying increasing global demands for food, including that for animal products, sustaining the natural resource base (soil,water, air and biodiversity), coping with water shortages, climate change and vulnerability, and navigating the potential conflict between devoting land to animal food and biofuels relative to direct human food.

 References :

·        http://www.fao.org/

·         http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/

·         http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378519X97800037

·         http://texasfarmbureau.org/

·         https://agfundernews.com/

·         https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/

·         http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/