Market Analysis - Aqua Europe 2018
The French aquaculture industry is an old and established sector, one of the first to develop among the EU countries; 243907 tonnes were produced in 2004 placing it as the second highest producer in terms of volume in Europe. Marine production is dominated by molluscs; mainly oyster with 106750 tonnes and mussels with 74100 tonnes generating a gross income of about €600 million produced by the work of 20000 people in 3700 farms. Freshwater production is concentrated on trout with 36611 tonnes produced by 500 farms, most of which produce less than 200 tonnes/year.
The marine fish aquaculture sector has been developed through a research effort lasting 30 years, however, following early development successes in the early 1990s, the marine fish aquaculture sector (mainly seabass and seabream producing 4817 tonnes plus 60 million fry sold mainly for export) has been in competition with other countries notably Greece and more recently Turkey. Today, in addition to the production of tropical shrimp in New Caledonia and the black pearl in Polynesia, the main developmental potential of the French aquaculture sector is in the production of marine fish, notably promising new species like red drum as well as high quality products like sturgeon caviar, selected strains for all fish species and quality labelled products.
History and General overview:
French aquaculture is an old and established activity notably in the production of molluscs and in trout farming. Freshwater species other than salmonids (carp – 4230 tonnes, roach and tench – 2790 tonnes) have been farmed since the Middle Ages in the South West and the Central and Eastern regions of France. During the 1970s, the biological cycle of seabass and seabream was closed by French scientists experimenting in the South of France. The rapid progress of technology and the high demand from niche connoisseur markets, notably in Italy, provided strong support for the marine fish culture sector. Over the last 20 years, aquaculture development has grown quite rapidly in the French overseas territories, for example in New Caledonia where shrimp culture (2100 tonnes) targets the Japanese market and in the Mayotte/Reunion territories where marine fish production of red drum and cobia (390 tonnes) targets European markets. Martinique is developing production of fish for its local market.
Importance of Aquaculture and Fisheries conference:
This Aquaculture conference will cover the new research techniques and concentrate on aquaculture exhibition of new feeds, fish welfare, antibiotics, instruments introduced by the aquaculture fisheries laboratories. It also covers the increase in need for demanding sea food. Aquaculture brings basic and advanced research of Developmental, Toxicological and Transgenic aspects.Aquaculture in Paris is characterized of the high level of specialization and large scale production. More modern aquaculture techniques for marine species include onshore intensive farms, cage systems in the sea (mariculture) and, in the case of shellfish, cultivation on ropes and bags (mussels), or directly on the intertidal substrate (clams).
Importance of Aquaculture and Fisheries Education:
A Master’s degree is an academic degree awarded to individuals who successfully denote a higher level of expertise. There are two main types of Masters - taught and research. Fish breeding and care are usually the main topics of aquaculture and fisheries programs. In this type of program, students may also learn about aquatic plant life and how to keep water areas safe for both fish and plants.
Asia pacific countries:
National Aquaculture Group: Covering an area of approximately 250sq km on the Red Sea Coast in Saudi Arabia the privately owned, National Aquaculture Group (NAQUA) is among the largest, fully integrated shrimp farms in the world.
Importance of Aquaculture and Fisheries business value:
The Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) is the fisheries policy of the European Union (EU). It sets quotas for which member states are allowed to catch each type of fish, as well as encouraging the fishing industry by various market interventions. In 2004 it had a budget of €931 million, approximately 0.75% of the EU budget.The common fisheries policy has been criticised by fishermen who say it is threatening their livelihoods.
The American Institute of Fishery Research Biologists (AIFRB), incorporated in 1956, is an organization established to advance excellence in fishery science and to promote stewardship, sustainability and wise utilization of natural resources, through support in professional development and recognition of competent achievement of its members, as measured by the highest of professional standards. Zion Market Research has published a new report titled “Aquaculture Market (Carp, Molluscs, Crustaceans, Salmon, Trout and Other Fish) by Culture (Marine Water, Fresh Water and Brackish Water): Global Industry Perspective, Comprehensive Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Segment, Trends and Forecast, 2015 – 2021”. According to the report, global aquaculture market was valued at USD 156.27 billion in 2015 and is expected to reach USD 209.42 billion in 2021, growing at a CAGR of 5.0% between 2016 and 2021. In terms of volume, the global demand for aquaculture stood at 71,190-kilo tons in 2015.
The European Fisheries and Aquaculture Research Organisation (EFARO) is an association of the Directors of the main European Research Institutes involved in fisheries, aquaculture and its interaction with the marine environment founded under a consensus agreement in 2004. It was established in recognition of the need to achieve greater cohesion and coordination of science and research in support of European policy related to the marine environment, fisheries and aquaculture. In Europe, aquaculture accounts for about 20% of fish production and directly employs some 85 000 people. The sector is mainly composed of SMEs or micro-enterprises in coastal and rural areas. EU aquaculture is renowned for its high quality, sustainability and consumer protection standards.EU overall output has been more or less constant in volume since 2000 whereas global production, at the same time, has been growing by nearly 7% per year.
Middle east countrires:
Marine Resources Research Center is located in Umm Al Qaiwain on the western coast of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) with a campus area of about 127 000 m2 facing the Arabian Gulf and is approximately 65 km from the Dubai International Airport. The Marine Resources Research Centre (MRRC) is established envisaging the following main aims:
Experimental production of selected fish and shrimp species that are of national importance.
Conduct scientific experiment and research on aquaculture and adopt a viable fingerling production technique suitable for the country.
Promote aquaculture in private sector by providing technical know-how for its implementation and follow up services.
Asia pacific countries:
National Aquaculture Group: Covering an area of approximately 250sq km on the Red Sea Coast in Saudi Arabia the privately owned, National Aquaculture Group (NAQUA) is among the largest, fully integrated shrimp farms in the world. The 16 farms for shrimp and 3 circular cage farms for fish consisting of 14 to 20 cages each. Each farm has the capacity of 4,500MT of fish production are fed directly from the pristine, crystal clear waters of the Red Sea. Sustainability is an integral part of National Aquaculture Group’s commitment to its customers, employees and shareholders. Every aspect of production from hatchery to pond to plate is monitored and traceable. In 1995, Asia’s production leaped by 15% - from 15.9 million mt in 1994 to 18.27 million mt, which is 87% of the total world production of 21 million mt (Fish Farming International, June 1997)
Aquaculture thrives in Asia and the Pacific region, because many of the countries are archipelagic and they have numerous and rich inland water bodies, a tropical climate, abundant rainfall and dense mangrove forests. Tidal flow along its coastline - 163 609 km, which is 28% of the world’s aggregate coastline (World Resources, l990-1991) - brings fish and nutrients from the sea into nearby ponds and fields. Abundant rainfall makes rivers and lakes overflow into paddies and leaves behind fish, shrimp and other edible aquatic animals.
China led all countries with 12.79 million mt production. Nine other Asian countries are among the top 14 producers in the world (Table 1). However, not all Asian countries in the list have increased their production. Thailand, the Philippines and Taiwan (P.C.) experienced slumps in production in 1995, primarily due to decreases in shrimp (P. monodon) production caused by diseases.The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) today announced more than $1.2 million in available funding to support the development of environmentally and economically sustainable aquaculture in the United States. This funding is available through the Aquaculture Research Program, administered through USDA’s National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA).Aquaculture contributes more than half of the seafood consumed globally, and this contribution is expected to grow. Although U.S. aquaculture production has shown growth in the past decade, the U.S. currently still has an approximately $12 billion trade deficit in seafood products and imports more than 90% of seafood consumed. In Europe, the Coastal Fisheries As a part of this project, the GEF and others will provide funding for a nascent Birds Head Seascape (BHS) trust fund to support long-term sustainable financing for marine conservation initiatives.